Earthquake effects include, but are not limited to:
Tremble and burst to the ground
The main effects caused by the tremor and earthquake are mainly the result of less severe damage to the building and other rigid structures. Local Effects layers complex combination of the earthquake magnitude, distance from the center and the local geological and geological conditions or reduced, depending on the extent to which the wave propagation as measured by ground-shaking ground acceleration.
Specific spatial geological, geological, and geomorphological features can induce high-level tremors, even from low-intensity earthquakes. This effect is called site or local enhancement. This is mainly due to the earthquake’s momentum transfer from the solid deep ground to the soft surface soils and due to the general geometrical structure of the deposits, due to the centrifugal force’s impact.
The visible breaks and displacements of the earth’s surface, including signs of bursting on the ground, can be in the order of several meters in case of a major earthquake. Careful mapping of existing defects needs to be done to identify a major risk of ground bursting for large engineering structures, such as dams, bridges and nuclear power plants, and the possibility of breaking groundwater within the structure’s life.
Why is there an earthquake?
Subterranean groundwater usually occurs when underground rock suddenly breaks with a fault. This sudden energy release causes earthquake waves to shake the ground. When two block rocks or two plates are rubbing against each other, they are somewhat stuck. They don’t just slide easily; The rocks catch on each other. The rocks are still pressing against each other, but not moving. After a while, the rocks break due to all the pressure created. An earthquake caused the rock to break. After and after the earthquake, plates or blocks of rocks begin to move and they continue until they are trapped again. The epicenter is where the rock breaks underground. The area just above the focus (above ground) is called the epicenter.
Try this little experiment:
Break a block of foam rubber in half.
Place the pieces on a smooth table.
Put the rough edges of the foam rubber pieces together.
While pushing the two pieces together lightly, pull the other piece from you along the top of the piece. How do they stick?
Keep pushing and pulling smoothly.
Soon the crack will break a little bit (foam) of the foam rubber and the two pieces will suddenly slip closer to each other. The earthquake is a sudden breakdown of foam rubber. This only happens with a strike-slip error.
Like earthquakes, earthquake waves can also be caused by underground explosions. These blasts may begin to break the rock while making tunnels for roads, railroads, suburbs or mines. These explosions do not produce very strong earthquake waves. You can’t even feel them. Sometimes earthquake waves occur when mining roofs or walls collapse. These can sometimes be felt by people close to mine. Larger subterranean explosions from nuclear warheads (bombs) tests can produce seismic waves like earthquakes. This reality has been exploited as a means of imposing sanctions on global nuclear tests, since no nuclear warhead can explode on Earth without producing earthquake-like waves.